You simply need to know - Elements

ID Symbol Image Name Density (g/cm3) Atomic Number Atomic Weight Melting Point (K) Boiling Point (K) Specific Heat Capacity (J/kg K) Electro Negativity Curie temperature (K) Bohr Magneton (J/T) Magnetization Saturation (MA m-1) Crystal Structure Appearance Element category Magnetic ordering Discovery General Information Image source General informations source  
1 Fe Iron 7.874 26 56 1811 3134 449 1.83 1043 2.22 1.75 ​Body-centered cubic (bcc) Lustrous metallic Transition metal Ferromagnetic Before 5000 BC Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from Latin: ferrum) and atomic number 26. It is a metal that belongs to the first transition series and group 8 of the periodic table. It is by mass the most common element on Earth, forming much of Earth's outer and inner core. It is the fourth most common element in the Earth's crust. View
2 Co Cobalt 8.9 27 59 1768.15 3200 421 1.88 1400 1.72 1.45 ​Hexagonal close-packed (hcp) Bluish-white Transition metal Ferromagnetic Georg Brandt (1735) Cobalt is a bluish-white, lustrous, hard, brittle metal. It is ferromagnetic. The metal is active chemically, forming many compounds. Cobalt stays magnetic to the highest temperature of all the magnetic elements (it has a Curie point of 1121oC). View
3 Ni Nickel 8.91 28 58.6 1726.15 3186 445 1.91 631 0.62 0.5 Face-centered cubic (fcc) Silvery-white lustrous metal Transition metal Ferromagnetic Axel Fredrik Cronstedt (1751) Nickel is a naturally-occurring metallic element with a silvery-white, shiny appearance. It is the fifth-most common element on earth and occurs extensively in the earth’s crust and core. Nickel, along with iron, is also a common element in meteorites. View
4 Gd Gadolinium 7.9 64 157.25 1585 3523 240 1.2 292 7.63 2 ​Hexagonal close-packed (hcp) Silvery white Lanthanide Ferromagnetic Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac (1880) Gadolinium is a chemical element that is on the Periodic Table of the Elements with the atomic number of 64. It is a silvery-white metal that reacts with bodily molecules during an MRI scan. View
5 Cr Chromium 7.19 24 52 2180 2944 448 1.66 ​Body-centered cubic (bcc) Silvery metallic Transition metal Antiferromagnetic Louis Nicolas Vauquelin Chromium is a blue-white metal that is hard, brittle and very corrosion resistant. Chromium can be polished to form a very shiny surface and is often plated to other metals to form a protective and attractive covering. View
6 Sm Samarium 7.353 62 150.36 1345 2076 196 1.17 Simple Trigonal Silver Lanthanide Paramagnetic Lecoq de Boisbaudran (1879) Samarium is a rare earth metal, with a bright silver luster, that is reasonably stable in air; it ignites in air at 150 °C. Even with long-term storage under mineral oil, samarium is gradually oxidized, with a grayish-yellow powder. View
7 Pt Platinum 21.45 78 195 2041.4 4098 133 2.28 Face-centered cubic (fcc) Silvery white Transition metal Paramagnetic Antonio de Ulloa (1735) Platinum buried deep in the middle of the periodic table among elements collectively known as the transition metals. Its near neighbors include iridium, osmium, palladium, rhodium, and ruthenium which, with platinum, called the platinum group metals. View
8 Al Aluminium 2.7 13 27 660.32 2519 904 1.61 ​Face-centered cubic (fcc) Silvery gray metallic Post-transition metal Paramagnetic Hans Christian Ørsted (1824) Aluminum (Al) is the 13th element on the periodic table, and is the most abundant metal on Earth, making up 8.1% of the Earth's crust. It is not found freely in nature, but it is always found combined to other elements due to it being very reactive. View
9 Ba Barium 3.51 56 137 1000 2143 205 0.89 ​Body-centered cubic (bcc) Silvery gray Alkaline earth metal Paramagnetic Carl Wilhelm Scheele (1772) Barium is an active metal. It combines easily with oxygen, the halogens, and other non-metals. The halogens are Group 17 of the periodic table and include fluorine, chlorine, bromine, iodine, and astatine. Barium also reacts with water and most acids. View
10 Sr Strontium 2.63 38 87.62 1050 1655 300 0.95 ​Face-centered cubic (fcc) Silvery white metallic Alkaline earth metal Paramagnetic William Cruickshank (1790) Strontium is a silvery-yellow, metallic element. Strontium belongs to a group of elements known as the alkali earth metals. Like other alkali metals, it is chemically active and will react with both air and water. View
11 Dy Dysprosium 8.54 66 162.5 1680 2840 167 1.22 87 10.2 ​Hexagonal close-packed (hcp) Silvery white Lanthanide Paramagnetic Lecoq de Boisbaudran (1886) Dysprosium metal is a soft, lustrous-silver rare earth element (REE) that is used in permanent magnets due to its paramagnetic strength and high-temperature durability.,1)/Dy-Metal-2-56a613dd5f9b58b7d0dfcc4a.jpg View
12 Pd Palladium 12.02 46 106.42 1828.05 3236 240 2.2 ​Face-centered cubic (fcc) Silvery white Transition metal Paramagnetic William Hyde Wollaston (1803) Palladium is a chemical element with the symbol Pd and atomic number 46. It is a rare and lustrous silvery-white metal discovered in 1803 by the English chemist William Hyde Wollaston. He named it after the asteroid Pallas, which was itself named after the epithet of the Greek goddess Athena, acquired by her when she slew Pallas. View
13 Ca Calcium 1.55 20 40 1115 1757 631 1 ​Face-centred cubic (fcc) Dull gray, silver Alkaline earth metal Paramagnetic In The United Kingdom (1808) Calcium is a chemical element with the symbol Ca and atomic number 20. As an alkaline earth metal, calcium is a reactive metal that forms a dark oxide-nitride layer when exposed to air. Its physical and chemical properties are most similar to its heavier homologues strontium and barium. View
14 O Oxygen 1.429 8 16 54.8 90.2 919 3.44 ​Base-centered Monoclinic Gas, colorless Reactive nonmetal Paramagnetic Carl Wilhelm Scheele (1774) Oxygen is the third most abundant element in the universe and makes up nearly 21% of the earth's atmosphere. Oxygen accounts for nearly half of the mass of the earth's crust, two thirds of the mass of the human body and nine tenths of the mass of water. Large amounts of oxygen can be extracted from liquefied air through a process known as fractional distillation. Oxygen can also be produced through the electrolysis of water or by heating potassium chlorate (KClO3). View
15 Mn Manganese 7.47 25 55 1519 2334 479 1.55 Body-centered cubic (bcc) Silvery metallic Transition metal Paramagnetic Carl Wilhelm Scheele (1774) Manganese is used in ceramics, glass, dyes, dry cell batteries, and special high carbon steels. It is also added to fertilizers and animal food. View
16 Nd Neodymium 7.01 60 144.24 1294 3373 190 1.14 ​Double hexagonal close-packed (dhcp) Malleable silvery metal Lanthanide Paramagnetic Carl Auer von Welsbach (1885) Neodimium is a lustrous silvery-yellow metal. It is very reactive and qickly turnishes in air and the coated formed does not protect the metal from further oxidation, so it must be stored away from contact with air. View
17 B Boron 2.46 5 10.81 2348 4273 1030 2.04 Rhombohedral Black-brown Metalloid Diamagnetic Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac and Louis Jacques Thénard (30 June 1808) Boron is a chemical element with the symbol B and atomic number 5. Produced entirely by cosmic ray spallation and supernovae and not by stellar nucleosynthesis, it is a low-abundance element in the Solar System and in the Earth's crust. View
18 Ge Germanium 5.323 32 72.63 1211.4 3093 321 2.01 ​Face-centered diamond-cubic Grayish-white Metalloid Diamagnetic Clemens Winkler (1886) Germanium (Ge), a chemical element between silicon and tin in Group 14 (IVa) of the periodic table, a silvery-gray metalloid, intermediate in properties between the metals and the nonmetals. View
19 Cu Copper 8.96 29 63 1357.77 2835 385 1.9 Face-centered cubic (fcc) Red-orange metallic luster Transition metal Diamagnetic Middle East (9000 BC) Copper ranks as the third-most-consumed industrial metal in the world, after iron and aluminum, according to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). About three-quarters of that copper goes to make electrical wires, telecommunication cables and electronics. View
20 Si Silicon 2.329 14 28 1687 3173 710 1.9 Tetrahedral Packing Gray Metalloid Diamagnetic Jöns Jacob Berzelius (1824) Silicon is the seventh-most abundant element in the universe and the second-most abundant element on the planet, after oxygen, according to the Royal Society of Chemistry. About 25 percent of the Earth's crust is silicon. View
21 C Carbon 2.26 6 12 3823 4300 0 2.55  ​Simple hexagonal Graphite black Reactive nonmetal Diamagnetic Egyptians and Sumerians (3750 BCE) Carbon, the sixth most abundant element in the universe, has been known since ancient times. Carbon is most commonly obtained from coal deposits, although it usually must be processed into a form suitable for commercial use. View
22 N Nitrogen 1.251 7 14 63.05 77.36 1040 3.04 Simple Hexagonal Colorless gas, liquid or solid Reactive nonmetal Diamagnetic Daniel Rutherford (1772) Nitrogen is a chemical element with an atomic number of 7 (it has seven protons in its nucleus). Molecular nitrogen (N2) is a very common chemical compound in which two nitrogen atoms are tightly bound together. View
23 Ne Neon 0.9 10 20.1 24.56 27.07 1030 ​Face-centered cubic (fcc) Colorless gas exhibiting an orange-red glow when placed in an electric field Noble gas Diamagnetic William Ramsay & Morris Travers (1898) The chemical element neon is classed as a noble gas and a nonmetal. It was discovered in 1898 by William Ramsay and Morris Travers. Ramsay was aware an element must sit between helium and argon in the periodic table. View
24 Zn Zinc 7.14 30 65.38 692.68 1180 388 1.65 Hexagonal close-packed (hcp) Silver-gray Transition metal Diamagnetic Indian metallurgists (before 1000 BCE) Although zinc compounds have been used for at least 2,500 years in the production of brass, zinc wasn't recognized as a distinct element until much later. Metallic zinc was first produced in India sometime in the 1400s. View
25 Tb Terbium 8.22 65 159 1629 3503 182 1.2 222 ​Hexagonal close-packed (hcp) Silvery white Lanthanide Paramagnetic  Carl Gustaf Mosander (1843) Terbium is a member of the lanthanide or rare earth group of elements. The silver-gray metal, which is relatively stable in air, is malleable and can be cut with a knife. Two crystal modifications are known. View
26 Pr Praseodymium 6.64 59 141 1204 3563 193 1.13 Simple hexagonal Silver Lanthanide Paramagnetic  Carl Auer von Welsbach (1885) Praseodymium was named using the Greek words prasios didymos meaning ‘green twin,’ reflecting its green salts and the close association with neodymium. Pure metallic praseodymium was first produced in 1931. View
27 Tm Thulium 9.32 69 169 1818 2223 160 1.25 ​Hexagonal close-packed (hcp) Silvery gray Lanthanide Paramagnetic  Per Teodor Cleve (1879) Thulium emits blue light upon excitation, a property that is exploited in flat panel display screens. Thulium also has useful applications in low-levelradiation detection and other luminescence applications, such as halide discharge lamps. View
28 Ho Holmium 8.79 67 164 1747 2973 165 1.23 20 ​Hexagonal close-packed (hcp) Silvery white Lanthanide Paramagnetic  Jacques-Louis Soret and Marc Delafontaine (1878) Holmium is never found in its pure form in the wild! Holmium oxide (Holmia) shows two dramatically different colors: yellow under natural light and pink under fluorescent lighting! Holmium has medical applications. View
29 Eu Europium 5.264 63 152 1095 1800 182 1.2 ​Body-centered cubic (bcc) Silvery white, with a pale yellow tint Lanthanide Paramagnetic  Eugène-Anatole Demarçay (1896, 1901) The first, somewhat furtive, signal from element 63 was recorded in 1885 by Sir William Crookes, who found an anomalous red line (609 nm) in the emission spectrum of a samarium sample. View
30 Er Erbium 9.066 68 167 1770 3141 168 1.24 32 Hexagonal close-packed (hcp) Silvery white Lanthanide Paramagnetic  Carl Gustaf Mosander (1843) Erbium is a chemical element with the symbol Er and atomic number 68. A silvery-white solid metal when artificially isolated, natural erbium is always found in chemical combination with other elements. It is a lanthanide, a rare earth element. View
31 Yb Ytterbium 6.57 70 173 1196 1469 154 1.1 Face-centered cubic (fcc) Silvery white Lanthanide Paramagnetic  Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac (1878) A soft, silvery metal. It slowly oxidises in air, forming a protective surface layer. Ytterbium is beginning to find a variety of uses, such as in memory devices and tuneable lasers. It can also be used as an industrial catalyst. View
32 Pr Promethium 7.26 61 145 1373 3273 1.13 Double hexagonal close-packed (dhcp) Silver Lanthanide Paramagnetic Chien Shiung Wu, Emilio Segrè, Hans Bethe (1945) Promethium is a rare-earth metal that emits beta radius. It is very radoiactive and rare, so it is little studied: its chemical and physical properties are not well defined. Promethium salts have a pink or red colour. View